Spirituality & suicide?

Kia ora koutou,

For some time I’ve thought there is a relationship between spirituality and self-harm / suicide. However there is very little discussion, at least at in the public sphere, about this aspect of causes. Below is another study suggesting this relationship.

cheers

Richard

Compr Psychiatry. 2017 Aug 26;80:39-45. doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2017.08.004. [Epub ahead of print]

The influence of spirituality and religiousness on suicide risk and mental health of patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Despite the large amount of literature assessing how spiritual and religious beliefs have an impact on mental health and suicide risk in various groups of patients, few studies have investigated patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The purpose of this study is to investigate whether spirituality and religiousness (S/R) are associated with the presence of suicide risk as well as whether those beliefs are also associated with the presence of mental health problems in patients undergoing hemodialysis.

METHODS:

Cross-sectional study carried out in three Brazilian dialysis units involving hemodialysis patients. The study assessed religiousness (Duke Religion Index); spiritual well-being (FACIT-Sp 12); mental health – depression and anxiety (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview-MINI); and risk of suicide (MINI). For analysis, adjusted logistic regression models were applied.

RESULTS:

A total of 264 (80.7%) patients were included, 17.8% presented suicide risk, 14.0% presented current major depressive episode, and 14.7% presented generalized anxiety disorder. Concerning spiritual well-being (FACIT-Sp 12), the subscale of “Meaning” was associated with lower risk of suicide, depression, and anxiety. The subscale “Peace” was associated with lower depression and anxiety, whereas the subscale “Faith” was associated with lower suicide risk and depression. Religiousness measures were not associated with the study outcomes.

CONCLUSION:

Spiritual beliefs were associated with lower suicide risk and better mental health among hemodialysis patients. Factors related to spiritual well-being, such as “meaning”, “peace” and “faith” were more associated with the outcomes studied than religious involvement. Further studies are needed to replicate our findings in different cultural and religious settings.

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Good 2018 conference – abstracts due soon

INVITATION

to register for the Fifth International Conference of the British Association for the Study of Spirituality (BASS)

Thursday 17 May – Saturday 19 May 2018
Coventry University, Coventry, England, UK

In an exciting new collaboration, the 2018 BASS International Conference will be a joint venture with the European Conference on Religion, Spirituality and Health (ECRSH). This is in recognition of the academic interests that BASS shares with ECRSH. The conference will be designed in a spirit of international co-operation and collegiality in the field of the study of spirituality, which is an important part of our mission.

As the venue for the conference will be the city of Coventry, an internationally recognised centre for peace and reconciliation, this conference also offers an important opportunity for both organisations to explore the spirituality of forgiveness and reconciliation in the many contexts in which it is encountered. Thus, the main theme of the conference will be:

Forgiveness and Reconciliation in Health, Medicine and Social Sciences

Although keynote speakers from a variety of academic disciplines and professional backgrounds will provide a comprehensive overview of this topic, papers and workshops presented in concurrent sessions need not have an overt focus on forgiveness or reconciliation but must fit within the remit of BASS* or ECRSH.

You are warmly invited to participate in this biennial gathering of researchers, scholars and practitioners from many nations, and to submit abstracts for oral presentations, symposia or posters on related topics in your own academic or professional context.

Deadline for the submission of abstracts is 31 October 2017

Please note that registration and submission of abstracts is via the ECRSH website. It asks for abstracts in the traditional ‘scientific’ format of ‘background, aims, methods, results, conclusions’. If this is not appropriate for your academic discipline or professional context, please submit an abstract in your usual style. In all cases, write ‘BASS Abstract’ at the top.

Information about the acceptance of your abstract will be sent by the end of February 2018. You are encouraged to register now to take advantage of reduced rates. Registration can be cancelled in the event of non-acceptance of an abstract.

We very much look forward to meeting you.

To register for the 2018 conference, click here.

To submit your abstract until 31 Oct 2017, click here.

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* The purpose of BASS is to advance education for the public benefit in the subject of spirituality by promoting:

  1. a) the critical study of all aspects of spirituality;
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